1. Books

  2. Book chapters

  3. Papers

  4. Book reviews

1.    BOOKS

Rice, L. & Greenberg, L.  (Eds.)  (1984).  Patterns of change: An intensive analysis of psychotherapeutic process.  New York:  Guilford Press.

Greenberg, L. & Pinsof, W.  (Eds.).  (1986).  Psychotherapeutic process:  A research handbook.  New York:  Guilford Press.

Greenberg, L. & Safran, J.  (1987).  Emotion in Psychotherapy:  Affect, cognition and the process of change.  New York:  Guilford Press.

Greenberg, L. & Johnson, S. (1988). Emotionally focused couples therapy.  Guilford Press.

Daldrup, L., Beutler, L., Engle, D. & Greenberg, L. (1988). Focused expressive psychotherapy: Freeing the over- controlled patient. N.Y. Guilford.

Safran, J. & Greenberg, L. (Eds.) (1991). Emotion, Psychotherapy & Change. New York: Guilford.

Johnson, S. & Greenberg, L. (Eds.) (1994). The heart of the matter. Emotion in marriage and marital therapy. New York, Bruner Mazel.

Horvath, A. & Greenberg, L. (Eds.) (1994)  The Working Alliance: Theory, Research and Practice. N. Y. John Wiley. 

Greenberg, L. Rice, L. & Elliott, R. (1993). The Moment by Moment Process: Facilitating Emotional Change. New York Guilford Press.

Greenberg, L. & Paivio, S. (1997) Working with Emotion in Psychotherapy. New York Guilford Press.

Bohart, A. & Greenberg, L. (Eds.) (1997). Empathy: New Directions in Theory Research & Practice. Washington, D.C. APA Press.

Greenberg, L. Watson, J. & Lietaer, G. (Eds). (1999).  Handbook of Experiential Psychotherapy.  New York: Guilford

Greenberg, L . Emociones: Una Guia Interna. Cuales Sigo y Cuales Na. (2000). Madrid. Desclee. (In spanish). Emotion: An internal guide: Which do I follow and which do I not?

Greenberg, L. (2002). Emotion-Focused Therapy: Coaching Clients to Work Through Feelings.  Washington, DC:  American Psychological Association Press.  

Elliott, R; Watson, J; Goldman, RN; Greenberg, LS: (2003). Learning Emotion-Focused Therapy: The Process-Experiential Approach to Change. Washington, DC, American Psychological Association Press.

Greenberg, LS and Watson, JC:  Emotion-Focused Therapy for Depression (2005). Washington, DC:  American Psychological Association Press.

Greenberg LS and Goldman R: Emotion-Focused Couples Therapy: The Dynamics of Emotion, Love and Power (2008). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Press.


Emotion-Focused Therapy for Depression

Greenberg, LS and Watson, JC: 

American Psychological Association (APA)
Publication date:  2005

In this outstanding book, Greenberg and Watson continue the monumental task that Leslie Greenberg began many years ago of developing an emotion-focused approach to psychotherapy that is sophisticated, systematic, empirically supported and teachable. Although emotion-focused therapy has been applied successfully to a range of clinical problems in the past, this book is the first to spell out the theory and principles underlying its successful application to the treatment of depression. The approach offers a valuable, empirically supported alternative (or supplement) to cognitive therapy, and I predict that Emotion-Focused Therapy for Depression will have a major impact on the field.

        Jeremy D. Safran, Ph.D.
        Professor and Director of Clinical Psychology
        New School University







Learning Emotion Focused Therapy: The Process-Experiential Approach to Change

Robert Elliott, PhD, Jeanne C. Watson, PhD, Rhonda N. Goldman, PhD,
and Leslie S. Greenberg, PhD

376 pages
American Psychological Association (APA)
Publication date:  December 2003
List Price: $49.95

In Learning Emotion-Focused Therapy, the originators of Process-Experiential Therapy describe in detail the various tasks and techniques of this theoretically grounded, empirically supported, and integrative humanistic therapy, while emphasizing the importance of the therapeutic relationship. The authors, Robert Elliott, Jeanne C. Watson, Leslie S. Greenberg, and Rhonda N. Goldman, well-respected scholars and leading figures in the field, address each major aspect of theory, case formulation, treatment, and research, as well as the nuances of learning and teaching this complex form of therapy.

This exceptionally informative book has the potential to be of great practical value to therapists and students learning experiential, humanistic, and integrative therapies, as well as to those who teach this mode of psychotherapy. 







Emotion-Focused Therapy: Coaching Clients to Work Through Their Feelings

By  Leslie S. Greenberg, PhD

337 Pages
Publication Date: December, 2001
ISBN: 1-55798-881-1
List Price: $39.95 USD


In Emotion-Focused Therapy: Coaching Clients to Work Through Their Feelings, Leslie S. Greenberg offers therapists an exciting new approach to helping clients live in harmony with head and heart. While most current books on coping emphasize mind over mood, and biological psychiatry offers psychotropic medication to regulate emotion, Greenberg proposes that, rather than controlling or avoiding emotions, clients can learn from their own bodily reactions and begin to act sensibly on them. Expressing emotion in ways that are appropriate to context is a highly complex skill, and one that is rarely taught. Rich in clinical wisdom, practical guidance, and case illustration, this book provides an empirically supported model of training clients to attain emotional wisdom.

Cover Graphic   
Working with Emotions in Psychotherapy

Leslie S. Greenberg and Sandra C. Paivio

303 Pages
Guilford Press
Publication Date: 1997
ISBN: 1-57230-243-7
Cat. #0243
List Price: $36.00

"There is no doubt that Les Greenberg is both a pioneer and the field's premier investigator in the important work of apply ing the basic research on emotions to the process of psychotherapy. The focus on primary emotions and their change is what distinguishes this book. It is a fabulous compendium of strategies for working with emotions and draws from both behavioral and experiential therapies. A must' read."
-Marsha M. Linehan, PhD, University of Washington

"In a refreshing blend of clinical sensitivity and compelling research findings, the authors have done a masterful job of explaining why an emotion-focused intervention i s central to therapeutic change, and describing how this may be implemented clinically. Their lucid, jargon-free exposition of conceptual and therapeutic issues proves an invaluable resource for practicing therapists of any orientation. This indeed is a landmark contribution to the field."
-Marvin Goldfried, PhD, Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry, SUNY  Stony Brook


Working with Emotions in Psychotherapy illuminates the process and technique of intervention with specific emotions. The book shows clinicians how to identify a given emotion, discern its role in a client's self-understanding, and understand how its expression is furthering or inhibiting the client's progress toward the goals of therapy. Of vital importance, the authors help readers think more differentially about emotions; to distinguish, for example, between avoided emotional pain and chronic dysfunctional bad feelings, between adaptive sadness and maladaptive depression, and between overcontrolled anger and underregulated rage. A conceptual overview, intervention guidelines, and a wealth of case illustrative case examples are included, and special attention is given throughout to the integration of emotion and cognition in therapeutic work.


I.     Theoretical Framework
1.     The Centrality of Emotion in Psychotherapy
2.     What is Emotion?
3.     Emotion Assessment
4.     Sources of Emotional Disorder

II.     Intervention Framework
5.     The Process of Change
6.     The Phases of Emotionally Focused Intervention

III.      Clinical Examples
7.       Anger
8.       Sadness and Distress
9.       Fear and Anxiety
10.     Shame
11.     The Pleasant Emotions
12.     Research, Training, and Supervision

Facilitating Emotional Change: 
The Moment-by-Moment Process

Leslie S. Greenberg, Laura N. Rice, and Robert Elliott

346 Pages
Publication Date: 1993
Publication Date: 1996
ISBN: 1-57230-201-1
Cat. #0201
List Price: $21.95


"An immensely valuable book that deserves to be read by psychotherapists of all persuasions. It is theoretically innovative and clinically practical."
- Michael J. Mahoney, PhD

"A very impressive book. It is practical, makes a significant contribution to theory building in psychotherapy, and is research based....contributes significantly to our und erstanding of the psychotherapy process. Readers with a hypnotherapeutic orientation, who traditionally explore with clients the domain where emotion, cognition, and behavior intersect, should find a treasure of concepts and practical interventions to extend their therapeutic repertoire."
- American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis


While emotions are often given a negative connotation people are described as being "too emotional" or as needing to "control their emotions" the authors of this volume argue that, to the contrary, emotions are organizing processes that enhance adaptation and problem solving. Within an experiential therapy framework, they show how to work with moment-by-moment emotional processes to resolve various psychological difficulties.

The first two sections of the book provide an introduction and lay the theoretical groundwork for the treatment manual that follows. The process experiential approach to treatment is presented, followed by an explication of the interrelationships among emotion, cognition, and change that results in a powerful, clinically relevant theory of human functioning. The third section, a detailed treatment manual, outlines the general principles and methods of therapy and provides step-by-step directions for six specific types of interventions. Excerpts from actual transcripts exemplify the various methods, illuminating the moment-by-moment process for both the client and the therapist.


I. Introduction
1. Introduction to the Approach
2. A Process Facilitative Approach to Therapy

II. Theory: Emotion and Cognition in Change
3. Perspectives on Human Functioning
4. Towards an Experiential Theory of Functioning
5. Dysfunction

III. The Manual: Basic Principles and Task-Guided Intervention

Section 1. Treatment Manual: The General Approach
6. Treatment Principles for a Process Experiential Approach
7. What the Therapist Does: Experiential Response Intentions and Modes

Section 2. The Treatment Tasks
8. Systematic Evocative Unfolding at a Marker of a Problematic Reaction Point
9. Experiential Focusing for an Unclear Felt Sense
10. Two Chair Dialogue at a Self-Evaluative Split
11. Two Chair Enactment for Self-Interruption Split
12. Empty-Chair Work and Unfinished Business
13. Empathic Affirmation at a Marker of Intense Vulnerability

IV. Conclusion
14. Applying the Process Experiential Approach
15. The Process Experiential Approach: An Overview, Research, Theory, and the Future


Emotionally Focused Therapy for Couples

by Leslie S. Greenberg, Susan M. Johnson
Guilford Press; ISBN: 0898627303

"A fascinating and powerful new approach to working with couples.... I am going to use this book whenever I teach courses on marital therapy."
-Neil S. Jacobson, PhD


This book demonstrates the power of emotional experience in relationships and how this power can be used to reconstruct intimate bonds. In emotionally focused couples therapy, intrapsychic and interpersonal perspectives are combined; interactional positions are assumed to be maintained by strong, primary, emotional responses and by the way interactions are structured and organized. Hence, the goal of emotionally focused therapy is to enable a couple to change the habitual positions they assume in relation to each other and to change the way each partner experiences the relationship.



Empathy Reconsidered : New Directions in Psychotherapy

Edited by Leslie S. Greenberg 

477 Pages
List: $49.95

ISBN:  1-55798-410-7

Those psychologists who have adopted a manualized, technological, or "managed care" approach to their science have tried to downplay empathy as a key element in psychotherapy. Empathy is relegated to a useful background characteristic for building the therapeutic relationship, but it is often not understood as a vital therapeutic ingredient in its own right. Many clinicians do not seem to realize that the subject of empathy has generated novel perspectives and a healthy current research base.

The coeditors of Empathy Reconsidered: New Directions in Psychotherapy have chosen to buck this trend, bringing together a group of respected writers from a variety of perspectives who are making active contributions to the development of our understanding of what empathy is and how it operates in the therapy context. The contributors examine this therapeutic variable in a prism of theoretical perspectives, ranging from self psychology to psychodynamic, client-centered, experiential, feminist, humanistic, cognitive-behavioral, cross-cultural, postmodern, and developmental psychology. Moreover, this volume features heavy representation of the increasingly vital trend toward psychotherapy integration.

Although there are many unanswered questions about the role of empathy in psychotherapy, the present collection brings the reader up to date by comparing different operational definitions and by discussing the varieties of empathy and their hypothesized relationships to therapy process and outcome. Empathy Reconsidered should stand as a watershed in stimulating new research and more conscious use by therapists of empathy in working with their clients, and by providing state-of-the-art knowledge for improved training of therapists.

ir clients, and by providing state-of-the-art knowledge for improved training of therapists.


Handbook of Experiential Psychotherapy

Edited by Leslie S. Greenberg, Jeanne C. Watson, and Germain Lietaer

630 Pages
Publication Date: August 1998
Size: 6 1/8" x 9 1/4"
ISBN: 1-57230-374-3
Cat. #0374
List Price: $55.00

"A major shift has occurred in experiential therapy. This seminal text extends the work of Rogers and Perls and provides systematic interventions that target specific client problems. It provides the practicing therapist with a map, a rich theoretical base that emphasizes the client's potential for growth. It also offers specific guidelines for effective practice and clinical examples of tried and empirically tested interventions. This is a classic that will guide therapists for years to come."
-Susan M. Johnson, EdD, Professor of Psychology & Psychiatry, University of Ottawa, Canada


Integrating the work of leading client-centered, gestalt, interpersonal, focusing, and process-oriented therapists, Handbook of Experiential Psychotherapy covers both conceptual foundations and current treatment applications. Contributors present well-articulated approaches to treating depression, PTSD, anxiety, and other problems, emphasizing the need to work with the client's own moment-by-moment experience of disturbing states and processes. The volume delineates a variety of experiential methods--from working with clients to symbolize bodily felt sense, evoke memories, and express intense feelings, to helping them reflect on their experience, maintain gains from session to session, and create new meanings for themselves. The role of the therapist's relational stance in promoting particular emotional processes is also examined, and newly developed models of experiential diagnosis and case formulation are described.


I.      History and Theory
1.     Experiential Paradigm Unfolding: Relationship & Experiencing, Watson, Greenberg, & Lietaer
2.     The Theory of Experience-Centered Therapies, Greenberg and Van Balen

II.     Foundational Processes
3.     Empathy: A Postmodern Way of Being?, Watson, Goldman, and Vanaerschot
4.     Dialogic Gestalt Therapy, Yontef
5.     Existential Processes, Schneider
6.     Focusing Microprocesses, Leijssen
7.     Interpersonal Processes, van Kessel and Lietaer
8.     The Person as Active Agent in Experiential Therapy, Bohart and Tallman
9.     How Can Impressive In-Session Changes Become Impressive Postsession Changes?, Mahrer

III.      Differential Treatment Applications
10.     Process-Experiential Therapy of Depression, Greenberg, Watson, and Goldman
11.     Process-Experiential Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Difficulties, Elliott, Davis, & Slatik
12.     Experiential Psychotherapy of the Anxiety Disorders, Wolfe and Sigl
13.     Goal-Oriented Client-Centered Psychotherapy of Psychosomatic Disorders, Sachse
14.     Experiential Psychodrama with Sexual Trauma, Hudgins
15.     The Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder, Eckert and Biermann-Ratjen
16.     A Client-Centered Approach to Dissociated & Fragile Process, Warner
17.     Pretherapy and Presymbolic Experiencing, Prouty
18.     Psychopathology According to the Differential Incongruence Model, Speirer
19.     Diagnosing in the Here and Now: A Gestalt Therapy Approach, Melnick and Nevis

IV.      Conclusion
20.     Experiential Therapy: Identity and Challenges, Greenberg, Lietaer, and Watson


The Working Alliance: Theory, Research and Practice

by Adam O. Horvath, Leslie S. Greenberg (Editor)
Hardcover - 304 pages 1 edition (March 30, 1994)
John Wiley & Sons; ISBN: 0471546402 ; Dimensions (in inches): 1.07 x 9.33 x 6.36

In the past decade, the working alliance has emerged as possibly the most important conceptualization of the common elements in diverse therapy modalities. Created to define the relationship between a client in therapy or counseling and the client's therapist, it is a way of looking at and examining the vagaries and expectations and commitments previously implicit in the therapeutic relationship, explaining the cooperative aspects of the alliance between the two parties.


Theory and Research on the Therapeutic Working Alliance: New Directions (E Bordin)
Therapeutic Alliances as Predictors of Psychotherapy Outcomes: Factors Explaining the Predictive Success (L Luborsky)
The Therapeutic Alliance as Interpersonal Process (W Henry & HStrupp)
The California Psychotherapy Alliance Scales (L Gaston & C Marmar)

The Therapeutic Alliance in Cognitive-Behavior Therapy (P Raue & M Goldfried)
The Alliance in Experiential Therapy: Enacting the Relationship Conditions (J Watson & L Greenberg)

The Role of the Therapeutic Alliance in Psychoanalytic Therapy with Borderline Patients (S Frieswyk, et al.)

Research on the Alliance (A Horvath)


Emotion in Psychotherapy

Leslie S. Greenberg and Jeremy D. Safran

338 Pages
Publication Date: 1987
Publication Date: 1990
ISBN: 0-89862-522-X
Cat. #2522
List Price: $30.00


"A classic resource for both clinicians and researchers."
-Child and Family Behavior Therapy

"Emotion and Psychotherapy is profound and stimulating....Safran and Greenberg have put together one of the few edited volumes that, as a whole, is truly exciting. Many edited volumes have interesting chapters; this one is consistently intriguing."
-Contemporary Psychology

"A truly outstanding work....Without ignoring dev elopments in behavioral and cognitive science, these Editors attempt to integrate data from emotion theory into the psychotherapeutic process in a way that inevitably portends the future of psychotherapy. Every researcher and practitioner involved with psychotherapy should read this book."
-David H. Barlow, PhD

72 Spring Street
New York, NY 10012
tel: (800) 365-7006
or (212) 431-9800
fax: (212) 966-6708


The study of psychotherapy has often been limited to the ways in which cognitive and behavioral processes promote personal change. Introducing a ground breaking perspective, Greenberg and Safran's compelling new work argues that the presently-felt experience of emotional material in therapy forms a vital underpinning in the generation of change. By including emotion as a psychotherapeutic catalyst, the book offers a more complete and encompassing approach to the process of psychotherapy than has ever before been available.

The book draws from the literature of both clinical and experimental psychology to provide a critical review of theory and research on the role of emotion in the process of change. Providing a general theoretical framework for understanding the impact of affect in therapy, this unique volume describes specific change events in which emotions enhance the achievement of therapeutic goals. Case examples and extensive transcripts vividly portray a variety of affective modes--such as completing emotional expression, accessing previously unacknowledged feelings, and restructuring emotions--and illustrate in clear, practical terms how certain processes apply to particular patient problems. Moving beyond the standard approaches to therapy, this volume offers an integrated approach that carefully consider's the client's state in the session that must be amenable to intervention as well as any given intervention and its resulting changes.


Emotion, Psychotherapy, and Change

Edited by Jeremy D. Safran and Leslie S. Greenberg

372 Pages
Publication Date: 1991
ISBN: 0-89862-556-4
Cat. #2556
List Price: $42.95


Emotion, Psychotherapy, and Change represents a systematic attempt to map the various ways emotion influences the change process and to clarify the underlying mechanisms. A continuation of the editors' pioneering work, Emotion in Psychotherapy, this volume makes a significant contribution to the development of a transtheoretical approach to affective change events. Viewing emotional experience as an active ingredient in, rather than a by-product of, the change
process, the book explores the ramifications of this understanding for the conduct of therapy.

A thorough review of the theory and therapeutic implications of emotion in human functioning precedes chapters by representatives of three different therapeutic traditions: cognitive-behavioral, psychodynamic, and experiential. Contributors identify and describe the key affective change events important in their respective approaches and then speculate about the underlying processes. Included here are detailed descriptions of relevant therapist-client interactions as well as clinical transcripts that vividly illustrate the process of change. A separate, theory-oriented commentary section follows in which the theme of emotion in psychotherapy is examined from the perspectives of cognitive psychology and emotion theory. A synthesis and critical analysis of affective change processes rounds out the volume.


The Psychotherapeutic Process: A Research Handbook

Edited by Leslie S. Greenberg and William M. Pinsof

741 Pages
Size: 7"x 10"
Publication Date: 1986
ISBN: 0-89862-651-X
Cat. #2651
List Price: $85.00


"Needed by everyone doing research.... Immense benefit to all psychotherapists as well."
- American Journal of Psychiatry


This comprehensive volume represents the first state-of-the-art handbook to appear in the field of process research in over a decade. Updating and expanding upon Kiesler's groundbreaking work (1973), Greenberg and Pinsof present here the most systems for understanding the mechanisms of change in individual, group, and family treatment. Special attention is given to the role of the alliance between therapist and client. Emphasizing the impact that empirical investigations can make on practice, the Handbook presents a wide variety of up-to-date process research systems and consolidates methodological information in the field.

The first chapter by the editors provides an overview of the current state-of-the-art of process research. Subsequently, the book is divided into two major sections. The first part presents the major instruments in the field. Each chapter is a biography of a particular process analysis system and a useful mini-manual. Covering different therapeutic modalities and orientations, this section is divided into what have historically been called observational and self-report systems. Chapters on observational coding include at least one transcribed segment of an actual therapy session to illustrate the "lived reality"' of how the system operates.

The second section addresses methodological issues, illustrating how psychotherapy works. Focussing on two current research programs that use a wide variety of systems to capture the overall process of treatment, this section also presents a pioneering attempt to empirically identify phases of treatment. The final chapter delineates new strategies for research and highlights critical issues that must be addressed to explain how change takes place in therapy and how this relates to therapeutic outcome.


Focused Expressive Psychotherapy: 
Freeing the Overcontrolled Patient

Roger J. Daldrup, Larry E. Beutler, David Engle, and Leslie S. Greenberg

233 Pages
Publication Date:1988
ISBN: 0-89862-729-X
Cat. #2729
List Price: $31.50


"One only has to experience this approach to know its effectiveness and see the remarkable therapeutic changes possible."
- John H. Gladfelter, PhD


This is the first practical book from an experiential perspective to deal explicitly with blocked affect. Based on the authors' extensive clinical experience and their NIMH-sponsored research, focused expressive psychotherapy (FEP) is shown to be ideally suited for the many over controlled patients mired in "unfinished emotional business."

A complete approach in one volume, the reader is given the underlying psychological assumptions of FEP as well as its principles, therapeutic procedures, and assessment techniques.

The book delineates the roles and responsibilities of both the therapist and client, presents FEP's five-step procedure, and describes its therapeutic methods and techniques. The design of experiments and problems are illustrated with segments from actual sessions, and evaluation procedures are provided so that both therapist and patient can assess the progress being made. Complete FEP sessions with explanatory comments are included so that the reader can follow the entire FEP process from the beginning to the end of the session.



Kahn, S. & Greenberg, L.  (1980).  Beyond a cognitive-behavioral approach:  congruent assertion training, in C.S. Adamec (Ed.), Sex-roles:  origins, influences and implications for women.  Eden Press, 124-135.

Greenberg, L.  (1983).  Psychotherapy process research, in E. Walker (Ed.), Handbook of Clinical Psychology.  New York Dorsey.

Greenberg, L.  (1983).  The relationship in Gestalt therapy.  In M. Lambert (Ed.), The Psychotherapeutic Relationship.  New York:  Dorsey Press.

Greenberg, L. (1984).  Task analysis:  The general approach.  In L. Rice & L. Greenberg (Eds.), Patterns of Change:  Intensive Analysis of Psychotherapeutic process.  New York:  Guilford Press.

Greenberg, L.  (1984).  Task analysis of intrapersonal conflict.  In L. Rice & L. Greenberg (Eds.) Patterns of Change:  Intensive Analysis of Psychotherapy.  New York:  Guilford Press.

Horvath, A. & Greenberg, L.  (1986).  Development of the working alliance inventory.  In L. Greenberg & W. Pinsof (Eds.), Psychotherapeutic Process:  A research handbook.  New York:  Guilford Press. 

Greenberg, L.  (1986).  Research strategy.  In L. Greenberg & W. Pinsof (Eds.), Psychotherapeutic Process:  A research handbook.  New York:  Guilford Press.

Greenberg, L. & Johnson, S.  (1986).  Emotionally focused couples treatment:  An integrated affective systemic approach.  In N. Jacobson, & A. Gurman, (Eds.), Clinical handbook of marital therapy.  Guilford Press.

Safran, J. & Greenberg, L.  (1986).  Hot cognition and psychotherapy process:  An information processing/ecological perspective.  In P. Kendall (Ed.).  Advances in cognitive behavioral research and therapy.  (Vol. 5).

Safran, J. & Greenberg, L. (1987). Affect and the unconscious:  A cognitive perspective.  In R. Stern (Ed.) Theories of the Unconscious.  Hillsdale, N.J.:  The Analytic Press.

Greenberg, L. & Safran, J.  (1987).  Affect, cognition and action.  In H. Eysenck, & I. Martin, (Eds.) Theoretical foundations of behaviour therapy. N.Y.:Plenum.

Greenberg, L., Safran, J., & Rice, L. (1989). Experiential therapy and its relation to cognitive therapy. In A. Freeman, L. Beutler, H. Arkowitz (Eds). Handbook of Cognitive Therapy. N. Y. Plenum.

Clarke, K. & Greenberg, L., (1988). Clinical research on gestalt methods in F. Watts (Ed.) Clinical Psychology, Volume two. N.Y. John Wiley.

Safran J. & Greenberg, L., (1989). The treatment of anxiety and depression: The process of affective change, in P. Kendall & D. Watson (Eds.) Anxiety and depression, destructive and overlapping features. Orlando Academic Press.

Greenberg, L. & Johnson, J. (1990). Emotional change processes in couples therapy. In E. Blechman & M. McEnroe (Eds.) For better or worse: How families influence emotional health. Lawrence Erlbaum.

Greenberg L. & Safran J., (1990). Emotional change processes. In Plutchik, R. & Kellerman, H. Emotion in Psychopathology.

Greenberg L., Elliott, R., Foerster, K., (1990). Experiential processes in the psychotherapeutic treatment of depression. In. D. McCann & N. Endler (eds.) Depression: New directions in research theory and practice. Toronto. Wall & Thompson.

Rice L. & Greenberg, L., (1991). Two affective events from client centered therapy. In J. Safran, & L. Greenberg (eds.). Emotion Psychotherapy and Change. New York Guilford Press.

Rice L. & Greenberg, L., (1991). Fundamental dimension in experiential therapy. In G. Lietar. Developments in client centered and experiential therapy. University of Leuven Press Belguim.

Greenberg L., Rice, L., Rennie, D. and Toukmanian, S., (1991). The York Psychotherapy Research Programme. In G. Van de Boss. & L. Beutler (Eds.) Psychotherapy research. Arlington APA publications.

Greenberg, L. & Rhodes, R. (1991) Emotional change processes. In R. Curtis & G. Stricker. How do people change. N.Y. Plenum

Goldfried, M., Greenberg, L., Marmar, C. (1991). Individual Psychotherapy: Annual Review of Psychology.

Greenberg, L. & Horvath, A. Role de l’alliance therapeutique apprecie par la recherche sur les psychotherapies. In P. Gerin & A. Dazord, Recherches cliniques "planifiees" sur les psychotherapies. INSERM, Paris.

Rice, L. & Greenberg, L. (1993). Humanistic Psychotherapy. D. K. Freedheim & Associates. History of Psychotherapy: A Century of Change. American Psychological Association.

Greenberg, L. (1992). Task Analysis: Identifying components of intrapersonal conflict resolutions. In S. Toukmanian & D. Rennie. Psychotherapy Process Research. Sage.

Greenberg, L. (1993). Emotional Change Processes in Psychotherapy. In M. Lewis & J. Haviland. Handbook of Emotion. N.Y. Guilford Press, pp. 499-510.

Johnson, S. & Greenberg, L. (1995). Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy: In M. Jacobson & A. Gurman (Eds.) Clinical Handbook of Marital Therapy, Vol. II, Guilford Press.

Greenberg, L. & Foerster, F. (1994). Task Analysis. In I. Caro. Process Research Approaches. (In Spanish).

Greenberg, L. Elliott, R. & Lietar, G. (1994). Research on Experiential Psychotherapy. In A. Bergin & S. Garfield. Handbook of Psychotherapy & Behavior Change. N.Y. Wiley.

Greenberg, L. (1994). The investigation of change: Its measurement and explanation. In R. Russel (Ed.) Reassessing Psychotherapy Research. New York, Guilford Press, pp. 114-143.

Rhodes, R. & Greenberg, L. (1994). Investigating the process of change: Clinical applications of process research. In P. Forrest Talley, H. Strupp & S. Butler (Eds.) Psychotherapy Research Practice: Bridging the gap. N.Y. Basic Books, pp. 227-245.

Watson, J. & Greenberg, L. (1994). The therapeutic alliance in experiential therapy. In A. Horvath & L. Greenberg (Eds.). The working alliance: Theory, Research & Practice. New York, John Wiley.

Greenberg, L. (1995). Acceptance in Experiential Psychotherapy. In S. Hayes, N. Jacobson, V. Follette, & M. Dougher. Acceptance and Change. Context Press, Reno, Nevada.

Elliott, R. & Greenberg, L. (1995). Experiential Therapy in Practice: The Process-Experiential Approach. In B. Bongar & L. Beutler (Eds.). Theories and Practice of Psychotherapy, Oxford University Press, pp. 123-139.

Greenberg, L. & Pascual-Leone, J. (1995). A dialectical constructivist approach to experiential change. In R. Neimeyer & M. Mahoney, Constructivism in Psychotherapy. Washington, D.C. APA Press.

Greenberg, L. (1996). Allowing and accepting emotional experience. In R. Kavanaugh, B. Zimmerberg-Glick & S. Fein (Eds.) Emotion: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. New Jersey, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp 315-336.

Korman, L. & Greenberg, L. (1996). Emotion and Therapeutic Change. In J. Panksep (Ed.), Advances in Biological Psychiatry, New York, JAI Press Inc., pp. 1-25, Vol. 2.

Watson, J. & Greenberg, L. (1996). Emotion and Cognition in Experiential Therapy: A Dialectical-constructivist Position. In Rosen, H. & Kuelwein, K. (Eds.). Constructing Realities: Meaning-Making Perspectives for Psychotherapists. Jossey-Bass.

Watson, J. & Greenberg, L. (1996). Emotion and cognition in experiential therapy: A dialectical-constructivist position. In H. Rosen and K. Kuelwein (Eds.). Constructing realities: Meaning making perspectives for psychotherapists. Jossey Bass.

Watson, J., Goldman, R. & Greenberg, L. (1996). Differential change processes in experiential therapy. In R. Hutterer, P. Scmid (Eds.) Client Centred and Experiential Therapy: Current Development. Vienna: P. Lang Press.

Greenberg, L. & Heatherington, L. & Friedlander, M. (1996). The Events-based Approach to Couple and Family Therapy Research. In D. Sprenkle and S. Moon Research Methods in Family Therapy. New York. The Guilford Press.

Goldman, R. & Greenberg, L. (1997). Case formulation in experiential therapy. In T. Ells Handbook of Psychotherapy: Case Formulation. N.Y. Guilford Press.

Greenberg, L. & Rice, L. (1997). Humanistic Psychotherapy. In P. Wachtel & S. Messer. Theories of Psychotherapy. Washington, D.C. APA Press.

Greenberg, L. & Pascual-Leone, J. (1997). Emotion in the creation of personal meaning. In M. Power and C. Brewin. Transformation of meaning. London: John Wiley.

McMain, S., Goldman, R. & Greenberg, L. (1996). Resolving unfinished business: A program of study. In W. Dryden Research & Practice in Psychotherapy, 211-232.

Greenberg, L. & Watson, J. (1998). The Treatment of Depression in Experiential Therpies. In R. Fuhr, M. Sreckowic, and M. Gremmler-Fuhr. Das Handboek Der Gestalt Therapie. Gottingen: Edition Humaniticsche Psicologie.

Watson J. & Greenberg, L. (1998). The Alliance in Short Term Experiential Therapy. In J. Safran & C. Muran (Eds.). The Therapeutic Alliance in Brief Psychotherapy. New York: Guilford Press.

Watson, J. & Greenberg, L. (1998). Humanistic and Experiential Personality Theory. In D. Barone, V. Van Hasselt, and M. Hersen (Eds.). Advanced Personality. New York: Plenum Publ. Corp.

Watson, J., Greenberg, L. & Lietaer, G. (1998). The History of Experiential Psychotherapy. In L. Greenberg, G. Lietaer, & J. Watson (Eds.). Handbook of Experiential Psychotherapy. New York: Guilford.

Greenberg, L. , Watson, J. & Goldman, R. (1998). The Treatment of Depression in Process-Experiential Therapy. In L. Greenberg, G. Lietaer, & J. Watson (Eds.). Handbook of Experiential Psychotherapy: Foundations and Differential Treatment. New York. Guilford.

Greenberg, L., Lietaer, G. & Watson, J. (1998). Experiential Therapy: Future directions. In L. Greenberg, J. Watson & G. Lietaer, (Eds.). Handbook of Experiential Psychotherapy: Foundations and Differential Treatment. New York. Guilford Press.

Greenberg, L. & van Balen, (1998). Theory of Experience Centered Therapy. In L. Greenberg, J. Watson & G. Lietaer, (Eds.). Handbook of Experiential Psychotherapy: Foundations and Differential Treatment. New York. Guilford Press.

Paivio, S. & Greenberg, L. (1998). Experiential Theory of Emotion Applied to Anxiety and Depression. In William F. Flack, Jr. & James D. Laird, (Eds.). Emotions in Psychopathology: Theory & Research. New York. Oxford University Press.

Greenberg L. (2000 in press). How therapists change. From certainty through chaos to complexity. In M. Goldfried (Ed), How therapists change. New York. Guilford Press.

Whelton, W. & Greenberg, L. (2000). The Self as a Singular Multiplicity: A Process Experiential Perspective. In J. Muran, The self in psychotherapy. Washington, DC. APA Press.

Greenberg, L. & Whelton, W. (2000). The self is dialectical but not paradoxical.In J Muran The self in psychotherapy. Washington, DC. APA Press.


3.    PAPERS

Greenberg, L.  (1967).  Radioactive waste treatment, the fulcrum.  Journal of the Engineers' Council.  University of the Witwatersrand, 11, 29-36.

Greenberg, L.  (1970).  Computer optimization of hydrostatic drives systems, Report No. 1, Centre for Applied Research and Design, McMaster University.

Greenberg, L.  (1977).  Gestalt approach to skill training.  Video tape training module, U.B.C. July.

Greenberg, L. & Johnson, N.  (1978).  The authentic teacher.  Teacher Education, October, 74-85.

Greenberg, L. & Kahn, S.  (1978).  Experimentation:  A Gestalt approach to counselling.  Canadian Counsellor, 13, 23-27.

Greenberg, L.  (1979).  Resolving splits:  Use of the two chair technique.  Psychotherapy, Theory & Practice, 16, 310-318.  A.P.A. Journal Division 29.

Greenberg, L. & Clarke, K.  (1979).  The differential effects of the two-chair experiment and empathic reflections at a split. Journal of Counseling Psychology, A.P.A. Journal Division 17.

Greenberg, L. & Kahn, S.  (1979).  The stimulation phase of counselling.  Counsellor Education and Supervision, 19, 137-145.

Rice, L., Koke, C., Greenberg, L. & Wagstaff, A.  (1979). Manual for Client Vocal Quality.  Counselling and Development Centre, York University.

Greenberg, L. (1980).  The intensive analysis of recurring events from the practice of Gestalt therapy.  Psychotherapy, Theory, Research & Practice, 17, 143-152.  A.P.A. Journal Division 29.

Greenberg, L.  (1980).  Training counsellors in Gestalt methods.  Canadian Counsellor, 15, 174-180.

Greenberg, L. & Kahn, S.  (1980).  Stimulating client exploration and understanding.  Journal of College Student Personnel, 21, 235-240.

Greenberg, L. & Higgins, H.  (1980).  The differential effects of two-chair dialogue and focusing on conflict resolution.  Journal of Counseling Psychology, 27, 221-225, A.P.A. Journal Division 17.

Greenberg, L. & Safran, J.  (1980).  Encoding, information processing and cognitive behavioral therapy.  Canadian Psychology, 21, 59-66.

Kahn, S. & Greenberg, L.  (1980).  Expanding sex role definitions by self discovery.  Personnel and Guidance Journal, 59, 220-225.

Greenberg, L. & Rice, L.  (1981).  The specific effects of a Gestalt intervention.  Psychotherapy, Theory, Research & Practice, 18, 31-37.  A.P.A. Journal Division 29.

Greenberg, L.  (1981).  Advances in clinical intervention research:  A decade review of Canadian research.  Canadian Psychology, 22, 23-24.

Greenberg, L. & Safran, J.  (1981).  Encoding and cognitive therapy:  Changing what clients attend to.  Psychotherapy. Theory, Research & Practice, 8, 163-169.

Greenberg, L. & Dompierre, L.  (1981).  The specific effects of Gestalt two-chair dialogue on intrapsychic conflict in counselling.  Journal of Counselling Psychology, 28, 288-294.

Greenberg, L. & Webster, M.  (1982).  Resolving decisional conflict:  Relating process to outcome.  Journal of Counselling Psychology, 29, 478-477.

Safran, J. & Greenberg, L.  (1982).  Eliciting hot cognitions in cognitive behaviour therapy:  Rationale and procedural guidelines.  Canadian Psychology, 23, 83-87.

Safran, J. & Greenberg, L.  (1982).  Cognitive appraisal and reappraisal implications for clinical practice.  Cognitive Therapy & Research, 6, 251-258.

Greenberg, L.  (1983).  Toward a task analysis of conflict resolution.  Psychotherapy, Theory, Research & Practice, 20, 190-201.

Greenberg, L. & Safran, J.  (1984).  Integrating affect and cognition:  A perspective on the process of therapeutic change.  Cognitive Therapy and Research, 8, 559-578.

Greenberg, L. & Sarkissian, M.  (1984).  Evaluation of counselor training in Gestalt methods.  Counselor Education & Supervision, 23, 328-340.

Greenberg, L. & Safran, J. (1984).  Hot cognitions:  Emotion coming in from the cold.  A reply to Rachman & Mahoney.  Cognitive Therapy and Research, 8, 591-598.

Johnson, S. & Greenberg, L.  (1985).  Differential effects of experiential and problem solving interventions in resolving marital conflict.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 53, 175-184.

Greenberg, L. (1985).  An integrative approach to the relationship in counseling & psychotherapy.  The Counseling Psychologist, 13, 251-261.

Greenberg, L. & Johnson, S.  (1985).  Emotionally focused marital therapy:  An outcome study.  Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 11, 313-317.

Clarke, K. & Greenberg, L. (1986).  The differential effects of Gestalt two chair dialogue and cognitive problem solving in resolving decisional conflict.  Journal of Counseling Psychology, 33, 11-15.

Greenberg, L. & Johnson, S.  (1986).  Affect in marital therapy.  Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 12, 1-10.

Greenberg, L. & Johnson, S.  (1986).  When to evoke emotion and why:  Process diagnosis in couples therapy.  Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 12. 19-23.

Greenberg, L.  (1986).  Change process research.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.  Special Issue:  Psychotherapy Research, 54, 4-9.

Johnson, S. & Greenberg, L. (1987). Integration in marital therapy: Issues and Progress. The International Journal of Integrative and Eclectic Psychotherapy, 6, 202-215.

Johnson, S. & Greenberg, L. (1987). Emotionally focused marital therapy: An overview. Psychotherapy Theory, Research and Practice, 24, 552-560.

Greenberg, L. & Goldman, R. (1988). Training in Experiential Therapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical, 56, 696-702 .

Greenberg, L. (1988). Constructive cognition: Cognitive Therapy Coming of Age. The Counseling Psychologist.

Safran, J. & Greenberg, L. (1988). Feeling, Thinking and Acting: A cognitive framework for Psychotherapy Integration. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An international quarterly.

Safran, J., Greenberg, L. & Rice, L. (1988). Integrating psychotherapy research and practice. Modeling the change process. Psychotherapy, 25, 1-17.

Greenberg, L., James, P. & Conway, R. (1988). Perceived change processes in emotionally focused couples therapy. Journal of Family Psychology, 2, 1-12.

Greenberg, L. (1988). Don Juan is afraid? He needs to experience his core feelings and express them to his son. Journal of Integrative & Eclectic Psychotherapy.

Greenberg, L. & Safran, J. (1989). Emotion in Psychotherapy. American Psychologist, 44, 19-29.

Johnson, S. & Greenberg, L. (1988). Curative principles in marital therapy. Family Psychology, 2, 28-32.

Johnson, S. & Greenberg, L. (1988). Relating Process to Outcome in Marital Therapy. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy. 14, 175-183.

Johnson, S. & Greenberg, L. (1989). The therapeutic alliance in marital therapy. Journal of cognitive psychotherapy: An international quarterly., 3(2), 97-110.

Horvath, A. & Greenberg, L. (1989). The working alliance inventory. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 36, 223-233.

Greenberg, L. (1991). Research on the process of change. Psychotherapy Research, 1, 14-24.

Greenberg, L. (1991). Process Diagnosis of Levels of Emotional Processing. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 2(1), 19-24.

Johnson, S. & Greenberg, L. (1991). There are more things in heaven and earth than are dreamt of in B.M.T.: A reply to Jacobson. Journal of Family Psychology, 4: 407-415.

Goldman, A. & Greenberg, L. (1992). Comparison of an Integrated Systemic and Emotionally Focused Approach to Couples Therapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60(6), 962-969.

Greenberg, L, Ford, C. Alden, L. & Johnson, S. (1993). In-session Change Processes in Emotionally Focused Therapy for Couples. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 61, 68-84.

Greenberg, L. & Korman, L. (1993). Integrating Emotion in Psychotherapy Integration. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 3, 249-266. (Translated into Spanish).

Greenberg, L. (1994). What is real in the relationship. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 41, 307-309.

Greenberg, L. (1995). The use of observational coding in family therapy research: Comment on Alexander et al.(1995). Journal of Family Psychology, 9(4),

Greenberg, L. (1995). The Self is Flexibly Various and Requires an Integrative Approach. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 5(4), 323-230.

Paivio, S. & Greenberg, L. (1995). Resolving Unfinished Business: Experiential therapy using empty chair dialogue. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 63(3), 419-425.

Goldman, R. & Greenberg, L. (1995). A process experiential approach to case formulation. In Session, 1 (2), 35-51

Watson, J. & Greenberg, L. (1995). The therapeutic alliance in experiential psychotherapy. In Session, 1 (1), 19-32.

Greenberg, L. & Foerster, F. (1996). Resolving unfinished business: The process of change. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64(3), 439-446.

Greenberg, L. & Newman, F. (1996). An Approach to Psychotherapy Change Process Research: Introduction to the Special Section. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 64(3), 435-438.

Watson, J. & Greenberg, L. (1996). Pathways to change in the Psychotherapy of Depression: Relating Process-to Session Change and Outcome. Psychotherapy, 33, (2), 262-274. (Special Issue on Outcome Research).

Greenberg, L. & Paivio, S. (1997). Varieties of shame experience in psychotherapy. Gestalt Review 1(3), 205-220.

Greenberg, L. & Paivio, S. (1997). Integrating "Being" and "Doing" in Working with Shame. Gestalt Review 1(3), 271-274.

Elliott, R. & Greenberg, L. (1997). Multiple Voices in Process-Experiential Therapy: Dialogues Between Aspects of the Self. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 7(3), 225-239.

Benjamin, L. S., Elliott, R. Fonagy, P., Greenberg, L. S. & Hermans, H. J .M. (1997). Multiple Voices: A Virtual Discussion. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 7(3), 241-262.

Elliott, R. & Greenberg, L. (1997). Multiple voices in process-experiential therapy: Dialogues between aspects of the self. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration 7(3), 225-240.

Greenberg, L. & Johnson, S. (1998). Emotion in systemic therapies: Commentary. Journal of Systemic Therapies, 17(2), 126-133.

Greenberg, L. & Mateu Marques, C. (1998). Emotions in couples systems. Journal of Systemic Therapies, 17(2), 93-107.

Greenberg, L. & Paivio, S. (1998). Allowing and Accepting Painful Emotional Experiences. Action Methods, 47-61.

Greenberg, L. & Watson, J. (1998). Experiential Therapy of Depression: Differential Effects of Client-centred Relationship Conditions and Process Experiential Interventions. Psychotherapy Research, 8(2), 210-224.

Greenberg, L. (1999). L’emotion dans la psychotheerapie constructivisite. Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive, 4(3), 14-23.

Honos-Webb, L., Surko, M., Stiles, W. & Greenberg, L. (1999). Assimilation of voices in psychotherapy: The case of Jan. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 46(4), 448-460.

Johnson, S. M., Hunsley, J., Greenberg, G., & Schindler, D. (1999). Emotionally focused couples therapy: Status and challenges. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 6(1), 67-79.

Machado, P., Beutler, L. & Greenberg, L. (1999). Emotion Recognition in Psychotherapy: Impact of Therapist Level of Experience and Emotional Awareness. The Journal of Clinical Psychology, 55(1), 39-57.

Weerasekera, P., Linder, B., Greenberg, L. & Watson, J. (In press). The Development of the Working Alliance in the Experiential Therapy of Depression. Psychotherapy Research.

Greenberg, L. (1999). Ideal psychotherapy research: A study of significant change processes. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 55(12), 1467-1480.

Greenberg, L. & Bolger, L. (In press). An emotion focused approach to the over-regulation of emotion and emotional pain. In-Session.

Paivio, S & Greenberg, L Introduction to Special Issue on Treating Emotion Regulation Problems in Psychotherapy.  In-Session


Greenberg, L. (1988). Symptom as battle between the sexes. Review of J. Hafner. Marriage and Sex Role Stereotyping. Contemporary Psychology.

Greenberg, L. (1988). Therapist Pass or Fail? Therapy as disconfirmation of a pathogenic belief, Contemporary Psychology.

Greenberg, L. (1988). Review of A. Mahrer's. The Process of Experiential Psychotherapy. Canadian Psychologist.

Greenberg, L. (1988). Response to Mahrer. Canadian Psychologist.

Greenberg, L. (1989). Review of K. Dobson (Ed.). Handbook of Cognitive Therapy. Canadian Psychologist.

Greenberg, L. (1995). Unity in diversity. Norcross, J. & Goldfried, M. (Eds.). Review of Handbook of Psychotherapy Integration. Contemporary Psychology.

Greenberg, L. (1997). Gestalt therapy. Rough diamond. Perls, F. Hefferline, R. & Goodman, P. Gestalt therapy. Dell Contemporary Psychology.